John Gauden

John Gauden was born at Mayland in 1605.

He was born into a religious and educated family with his father, John Gauden, being Vicar of Mayland from 1598.

Gauden was a clever child who won a place at St John's College, Cambridge in 1621 at the age of 16 years of age.

Following a BA and MA at Cambridge he attended Wadhams College, Oxford where he obtained a Divinity Degree.

In 1640 he became Vicar of Chippenham with sponsorship from Sir Francis Russell who was his wife's father.

He then entered the politics of religion by becoming private chaplain of Robert Rich who was the Earl of Warwick.

During this period he continued his studies and in 1641 he became a Doctor of Divinity.

Through the Earls influence he preached a sermon to the House of Commons following which he was appointed the Dean of Bocking and returned to Essex.

He continued political involvement with Parliament during the turbulent reign of King Charles I although with the onset of the civil war and execution of the King he appears to have changed sympathies from Parliament to the King and bravely wrote several critical pamphlets.

He is considered a possible author of a pamphlet called Eikon Basilike which purported to be the views of King Charles I that was published shortly after his death to the considerable embarrassment of Cromwell and Parliament.

With the return of the Monarchy Gauden was rewarded by King Charles II by appointment as his chaplain and in 1660 made Bishop of Exeter.

Gauden found that the living from Exeter was not great and on appealing to the King in May 1662 he was appointed as Bishop of Worcester which carried much greater remuneration.

Gauden was not able to enjoy the additional income for long as 4 months later he collapsed and died.

He left a widow Elizabeth nee Russell and children Lukenor, Charles, John, William and Anne with a step child from his wife's previous marriage.