Old Pub Signs of the Dengie 100

Burnham on Crouch and the Villages of the Dengie Hundred are fortunate in having many old Public Houses

These pubs often have a history behind their choice of name relating to the area or superstition of the time

Miler Christies was an eminent local historian of the late 1800's who researched Public House signs and names

In 1887 he published the Trade Signs of Essex which has been the source for most of this entry and is reccomended reading for those of you lucky enough to be able to trace a copy

The Green Man at Bradwell on Sea

Some explanation of the names of Dengie Pubs are listed below

The Bell is a common sign in old pubs it is due to our fondness for Church bell ringing and the veneration given to bells in more superstitious times

Black Lion is an uncommon name connected with the arms of Queen Philippa wife of Edward III or Owen Glendowner

Cap and Feathers was probably associated with the feathers as the emblem of the Prince of Wales which were worn in the Caps of Regiments that had the Prince of Wales as Commander in Chief which at one time included the Essex Regiment

Cricketers - Associated with the game of Cricket in the case of Bradwell on Sea probably the gentlemen who played Cricket at Down Hall

The Ferry Boat clearly refers to the Ferry which plied its trade next to the Public House

The Fox and Hounds and Huntsman and Hounds are very common in Rural Essex relating to Fox Hunting

The Green Man is common in the area of Epping Forest but rarer in Eastern Essex. The initial derivation was of Morris Dancers who traditionally danced in green during early medieval times but it then became more associated with foresters who wore a coat of green in the Essex Forest. By the seventeenth century the green man had been linked to Robin Hood who was a hero of the lowest classes

There are 49 Kings Head and 19 Queens Head Pubs as well as a Prince of Wales Pub in Essex. Although associated with royalty it is not possible to ascribe which Royal the pub commemerates

The Mill relates to a nearby Mill

New Welcome SailorAnchor, Ship, Barge and Oyster Smack both featured names related to the nautical trade possibly as early advertising to encourage trade from visiting sailors

Railway Hotel and Railway Arms relate to the nearby railway stations

The Red Lion is much more common and  initially related to the badge of John of Gaunt although in recent years it also represented the emblem of Scotland to Scots who had moved south

The Round Bush related to a prominent tree near to the Round Bush when it was a beer house

The Star was the symbol of the Virgin Mary and it appeared as one of the badges of the De Vere family who were one of the most powerful families in Essex in later medieval times

Stone Inn and St Lawrence Inn take their names from the local nickname for the village and the village itself

Stow Bullocks (now closed) was originally called the Fly and the Bullock when William Pond was its landlord. This was derived from a flying bullock which was the emblem of St Luke

The Sun and Anchor is a mix of signs - The Sun is an ancient symbol often used by Kings and the anchor relates to the nautical trade

The Three Horseshoes appeared on the arms of the Farriers Company. Some Pubs bore this name due to the superstition of fastening a horseshoe over the doors of a house to frighten off witches and some because often beerhouses were run by farrier/blacksmiths who would carry out both trades from the same premises

White Hart is a very popular name with over 50 pubs in Essex. The White Hart was the favourite badge of King Richard II and used by Edward IV. The most famous White Hart was a coaching Inn at Bishopsgate, London which was the stopping point for most of the coaches from Essex

White Horse is probably related to the fondness of the owner for an animal or the preponderance of horses in that area  although Horses play a part in heraldry

Victoria Inn related to Queen Victoria